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7 November, 2017
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The Democratic Path in Egypt During October 2017

The Arabic Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI)

Lawyers for Democracy Initiative

Before we begin

The Democratic Path report is a monthly report issued by The Arabic Network for Human Rights Information through “Lawyers for Democracy” initiative, which was launched by ANHRI in 2014 to monitor the democratic path in Egypt. Besides the monthly reports, ANHRI has released annual reports on the democratic path in 2014, 2015 & 2016, which are available at the “Reports” section on ANHRI’s website through the following link:

http://goo.gl/mSo6hc

Prologue:

The imprisonment renewal of journalist and human rights defender Hisham Jaafar for another 45 days despite the expiry of his pre-trial detention, which exceed the maximum limit of pre-trial detention was one of the most prominent events in October that reveal how pre-trial detention is used as a punishment for opinion makers and human rights defenders.

During October there was a decline in the number of protest events, but demands to release detainees and to improve the social and economic conditions is still a common factor in the majority of the protests.

Also during this month, the collective trials and military trials for civilians continued, as 247 civilians were brought to 8 trials before military courts.

Mass death sentences also continued during October with death sentences handed down against 33 defendants. Here are the details of the democratic path during October 2017.

First: Protest Events

During this month, the various powers organized 27 protest events, as follows:

  • MB & NASL 17 protest events
  • Social & Labor protests 6 protest events
  • Students protest events : 4 protest events

The following chart shows the percentage of protest events according to the organizing powers

7 protest events were attacked by the security forces, while 20 went unattacked.

The following chart shows the percentage of security attacks on the protest events

MB & NASL Protest Events

During October there were 17 different protest events for the MB & NASL, out of which five events were attacked by the security forces and 12 went without security interventions.

The most salient demands of the MB & NASL:

  • Demanding the ousting of Sisi, and expressing solidarity with former imprisoned president Mohamed Morsi.
  • Protesting the death sentences.
  • Releasing the imprisoned.
  • Protesting reinstating the state of emergency.

The following chart shows the percentage of security attacks on the MB & NASL protest events

Labor and Social protest events:

During October there were 6 various social and labor protests, out of which 2 were attacked by the security forces, while 4 events went without interference from the security forces.

The most salient demands of the social and labor protests:

  • Masters and PhD holders demand to be appointed in government jobs, equal to their colleagues.
  • A number of workers and staff of Kalioubiya Ambulance protested against the decision to suspend them for one month.
  • Protesting the delay in payment of salaries.

 

Students protest events :

During October, students or their families organized 4 protest events, none of which were attacked by the security forces.

The most salient demands of the students’ protests:

  • University students in Alexandria protest the raise of fees for the students’ residence.
  • Students and families of Al-Zohor languages school protest the lack of places to accommodate their children.
  • Open University Education students at Ain Shams University protest the cancellation of the bachelor’s degree and converting it into a vocational diploma.

Second: Trials

In October, the Egyptian judiciary reviewed 65 ongoing trials, issued 14 convictions, 5 acquittals and death sentences against 33 defendants.

1 – Ongoing Trials:

The 65 ongoing trials are as follows:

  • 44 MB & NASL Trials
  • 2 Civil and Democratic Powers Trials
  • 7 Mubarak regime trials.
  • 3 other public affairs’ trials.
  • 1 Pro Post-June 30 regime
  • While the military judiciary presided over 8 military trials for civilians.

The following chart illustrates the percentage of ongoing trials

Most Highlighted MB & NASL Trials:

  • The cases known in the media as: (Masjid al-Istiqama, dispersal of al-Nahdha sit-in, dispersal of Rabaa sit-in, al-Bahr al-A’zam incidents, espionage with Hamas, breaking into the prisons, al-Adwa center incidents).

Most Highlighted Mubarak’s Regime Figures Trials:

  • The cases known in the media as: (The trial of Safwat al-Sherif over illicit gain, manipulation of the stock market, the Green Belt, corporate licensing, Al-Ahram gifts, the trial of Ahdi Fadel over profiteering and exploitation of influence)

Most Highlighted Civil and Democratic powers trials:

  • The case known in the media as: (The oppressed of downtown)

Most Highlighted Pro Post-June 30 regime tirals:

  • The case known in the media as: (Re-trial of national security officers in the case of torturing lawyer Karim Hamdi)

Military trials for civilians:

  • In October the military judiciary reviewed 8 trials of 247 civilians.

2 – Judiciary Rulings:

In October there were 14 convictions, 5 acquittals and here are the details:

  • Rulings of Conviction:

In October the Egyptian judiciary issued 14 rulings of conviction as follows:

  • 11 convictions of MB & NASL
  • 1 conviction of Pro Post-June 30 regime.
  • 2 convictions in military trials for civilians.

The following chart shows the percentage of rulings of conviction

  • Acquittals:

In October the Egyptian judiciary issued 5 acquittals as follows:

  • 2 for MB & NASL
  • 1 for Civil and Democratic Powers
  • 2 in military trials for civilians.

The following chart shows the percentage of rulings of Acquittals

  • Death Sentences:

During October 4 death sentences were handed down against 33 defendants

The following table provides more details:

Third: Acts of Violence & Terroist Events:In October there were 4 terrorist operations carried out in the various cities, and one counter-terrorism operation. Here are the details:

Third: Acts of Violence & Terroist Events:

In October there were 4 terrorist operations carried out in the various cities, and one counter-terrorism operation. Here are the details:

  • Terrorist attacks

In October there were 4 terrorist attacks, in three of which the explosives went off, while 1 was diffused, resulting in 25 wounded and 65 dead.

The following chart illustrates the percentage of terrorist attacks and counter-terrorism efforts

The following table shows the number of those killed and wounded.

Civilians Security forces Perpetrators of terrorist operations Total
Killed 8 25 32 65
Wounded 18 0 7 25
Total 26 25 39 90
  • Counter-terrorism operations

During October there were 13 pre-emptive security attacks dubbed as combating terrorism, targeting areas that were described by the security forces as terrorist hubs, which resulted in 39 killed, 1 wounded and the arrest of 168.

The following table shows the number of those killed and wounded.

Security forces Targets Total
Killed 6 33 39
Wounded 0 1 1
Total 6 34 40

Fourth: Crackdown on freedom of expression & media freedoms

During October there were 12 violations against freedom of expression & media freedoms

The following table provides more details:

Physical & Verbal Assaults 1
Prevention from Covering 1
Persecution Investigations or Ongoing Trials 9
Disciplinary measures 1
Total 12

The percentage of attacks against freedom of expression and media freedoms

Fifth : Attacks against Human Rights Defenders

  •     On 10 October, Alexandria Criminal Court decided to postpone the trial of the human rights lawyer Mohammad Ramadan in the retrial proceedings which he submitted against his sentence in absentia for insulting the President to the hearing of 13 December 2017, to hear the testimony of the engineer who prepared the technical report of the case.
  • On Tuesday, October 3, the Supreme State Security Prosecution decided to imprison activist Sara Hegazy and activist Ahmed Alaa for 15 days pending investigations into the case known in the media as the “Rainbow Flag” case, in which they are accused of joining a group established contrary to the provisions of the law, and promoting the ideas and beliefs of this group, in addition to another charge against Sarah Hegazy of inciting to public immorality.
  • This was against the backdrop of their views supporting of the LGBTQ rights on social networks, after raising the rainbow flag in a concert.
  • On Wednesday morning, 18 October, Cairo International Airport authorities banned Dr. Suzanne Fayyad, a human rights defender and a member of al-Nadim Center for the Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence and Torture from traveling, on instructions from the investigating judge, according to the airport authorities, who did not provide any further details.
  • On Thursday, October 19, the Court of Cassation decided recluse from reviewing the appeal filed by Alaa Abdel Fattah against a 5 years prison sentence in the case of the Shura Council incidents. The hearing was set for 8 November.
  • Cairo Court of Appeal decided to release Dr. Yahya al-Qazzaz, a professor of geology at Helwan University, on bail of 10,000 Egyptian pounds, following an investigation into charges of insulting the president.
  • On Sunday, October 22, the second circuit of the Administrative Court decided to postpone the lawsuit filed by the owner of Mada Masr website against the National Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (NTRA) to challenge the decision to block the website to 26 November hearing session.
  • On Thursday, October 26, the 15th circuit of North Cairo Criminal Court decided to renew the imprisonment of journalist and Chairman of the Board of Trustees of Mada Foundation for Media Development Hisham Jaafar, for 45 days pending investigations in case No. 720 of 2015 Supreme State Security, despite exceeding the maximum limit for pre-trial detention provided for in article 143 of the Code of Criminal Procedures.
  • The Arabic Network for Human Rights Information filed a complaint No. 12206 for the year 2017 to the public prosecutor to demand implementing the law and putting an end to the unlawful detention of journalist and human rights defender Hisham Jaafar for the third day in a row, after the expiry of his pre-trial detention order issued against, which has exceeded the maximum pre-trial detention limit provided for in the Code of Criminal Procedures.
  • Al-Montazah first Court of Misdemeanors in Alexandria decided at its hearing on Tuesday, October 24, to postpone the trial of lawyers Mahienour al-Masri, Asmaa Naim, Waleed Ammari and activists Ziad Abu El Fadl and Motassem Medhat in the case in which they are accused of demonstrating, gathering, display of force and insulting the President, against the backdrop of protesting the signing of the maritime border demarcation agreement with Saudi Arabia, to the 31 October hearing.
  • On Monday, October 30, the imprisonment renewal hearing of the Tambourine detainees in Aswan took place, and the court decided to renew the detention of the defendants in the case known in the media as “Tambourine detainees” case for another 15 days pending investigations on charges of demonstrating and blocking the road, against the backdrop of a a celebration protest they held with tambourines to celebrate the feast of the lamb, and to demand the implementation of the Constitution and the return of the Nubian people to their land.

The Democratic Path in Egypt During October 2017 pdf

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Note: This report relies on the cases documented by ANHRI and does not necessarily include all the incidents that took place during this month.To view previous Democratic Path reportsTo view “Obscure & Stalled” The Democratic Path in Egypt 2014 Report:To view “One Step Back, Two Steps Further Back” The Democratic Path in Egypt 2015 Report:To view “Closed Until Further Notice” The Democratic Path in Egypt 2016 Report:

Number of issued sentences Number of defendants sentenced to death pending referral to the Mufti Number of defendants sentenced to death after referral to the Mufti Number of defendants sentenced to death
Civil 4 14 19 33
Military 0 0 0 0
Total 4 14 19 33
Civilians Security forces Perpetrators of terrorist operations Total
Killed 8 25 32 65
Wounded 18 0 7 25
Total 26 25 39 90
Security forces Targets Total
Killed 6 33 39
Wounded 0 1 1
Total 6 34 40
Physical & Verbal Assaults 1
Prevention from Covering 1
Persecution Investigations or Ongoing Trials 9
Disciplinary measures 1
Total 12

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